Chem Explorers

The Versatile Compound: Iron(III) Sulfide and its Uses

Iron(III) Sulfide: Formula, Properties, and

Uses

Iron(III) sulfide is a compound made up of iron and sulfur, with the chemical formula Fe2S3. It is commonly known as ferrous sulfide and is a dark gray solid with metallic luster.

It is an important compound used in various industries because of its unique properties and characteristics. In this article, we’ll take a closer look at iron(III) sulfide, discussing its identification, formula composition, properties, and uses.

Identification

The identification of iron(III) sulfide can be done using several primary keywords such as CAS number, PubChem CID, ChemSpider ID, EC number, ChEBI ID, and InChI key. Iron(III) sulfide has the CAS number 12068-85-8, PubChem CID 159691, ChemSpider ID 140662, EC number 234-430-3, ChEBI ID 30182 and InChI key GZXKYVNABOJZMX-UHFFFAOYSA-N.

These identifiers are used to uniquely identify iron(III) sulfide and its related compounds.

Formula Composition and Synthesis

Iron(III) sulfide can be synthesized through the reaction of iron(III) chloride and sodium sulfide. This process is commonly used in the desulfurization of fossil fuels.

Ferrous sulfide can also be obtained from hydrated iron(III) oxide by sulfidation. Fe2S3 can be formed by heating stoichiometric amounts of FeS and FeS2 above 750C under inert conditions.

Properties and Characteristics of Iron(III) Sulfide

General Properties

Iron(III) sulfide has a molar mass of 207.96 g/mol. It is a solid with a dark gray color, metallic luster, and a density of 4.84 g/cm.

This compound is insoluble in water, alcohol, and most organic solvents. Iron(III) sulfide is a poor conductor of heat and electricity and has a melting point of 1194C and a boiling point of 1527C.

Iron(III) sulfide is also known to be flammable and combustible when exposed to heat or flames.

Use

Iron(III) sulfide is used in various industrial applications due to its unique properties. It can be used as a source of sulfur in the production of sulfuric acid, which is used in many industrial applications such as paper production, wastewater treatment, and fertilizers.

Iron(ii) sulfide is an important cathode material for lithium-ion batteries due to its high theoretical capacity. Ferrous sulfide is also used in the production of pesticides and herbicides.

Iron(III) sulfide has some unique physical and chemical properties that make it useful in different industrial applications. Its properties of being insoluble in water, flammable when exposed to heat or flames and source of sulfur in the production of sulfuric acid, make it ideal for its uses in various industries.

Overall, iron(III) sulfide is a compound that has unique properties and is used in various industrial applications. Having an understanding of its characteristics, properties, and uses can be beneficial to those involved in the chemical industry or those who are carrying out research in materials science.

This compound has the potential to expand in its application as the world continues to demand materials that perform better in extreme conditions while cost-effective. In summary, iron(III) sulfide is a compound made up of iron and sulfur that has unique properties and is used in various industrial applications.

Its formula composition, identification, physical and chemical properties, and uses are crucial to those involved in the chemical industry and materials science. This compound has the potential to expand in its application given its remarkable properties.

If you are researching or working in this field, understanding iron(III) sulfide is crucial and can help you optimize the use of this compound in various applications. FAQs:

1.

What is iron(III) sulfide? Iron(III) sulfide is a compound made up of iron and sulfur with the chemical formula Fe2S3.

2. What are the properties of iron(III) sulfide?

Iron(III) sulfide is a solid with a dark gray color, metallic luster, and a density of 4.84 g/cm. It is insoluble in water and most organic solvents, is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, and is flammable and combustible when exposed to heat or flames.

3. What are the uses of iron(III) sulfide?

Iron(III) sulfide is used as a source of sulfur in the production of sulfuric acid, cathode material for lithium-ion batteries, in the production of pesticides and herbicides, and for desulfurization of fossil fuels. 4.

How is iron(III) sulfide synthesized? Iron(III) sulfide can be synthesized through the reaction of iron(III) chloride and sodium sulfide, or by sulfidation of hydrated iron(III) oxide.

5. Why is iron(III) sulfide important in the chemical industry?

Iron(III) sulfide has unique properties that make it useful in various industrial applications. It also has the potential to expand in its application given its remarkable properties.

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