Chem Explorers

Titanium Isopropoxide: Properties Reactions and Safety Measures

Introduction to Titanium Isopropoxide

Titanium Isopropoxide is a highly useful and versatile chemical compound. It is an alkoxide, present in the form of a liquid.

This colorless to light yellow liquid has the molecular formula C12H28O4Ti. The chemical formula of Titanium Isopropoxide suggests the presence of four isopropoxide groups attached to a central titanium atom. Because of the chemical structure and properties of Titanium Isopropoxide, it is widely used and plays an important role in manufacturing various substances.

In this article, we will explore the physical appearance of Titanium Isopropoxide, its synonyms, chemical formula, and applications.

Physical Appearance of Titanium Isopropoxide

Titanium Isopropoxide is a colorless to light yellow liquid with a pungent odor. It is a highly reactive liquid because of the presence of titanium and isopropoxide in its structure.

The physical state of this compound is a liquid at standard conditions of temperature and pressure. The boiling point of this compound is 284C.

Moreover, this compound can easily undergo hydrolysis when exposed to moisture or water.

Synonyms of Titanium Isopropoxide

Titanium Isopropoxide is also known as Tetraisopropyl Orthotitanate, Isopropyl Orthotitanate, and Tetraisopropoxytitanium. These synonymic names are used depending on the field of application.

However, the chemical nature and properties of this compound remain the same. Understanding the synonyms of Titanium Isopropoxide can help in recognizing and understanding the compound when presented under different names.

Chemical Formula of Titanium Isopropoxide

The chemical formula for Titanium Isopropoxide is C12H28O4Ti. This formula indicates that this compound is a coordination compound consisting of titanium, oxygen, and carbon. It is also an alkoxide, with isopropoxide groups attached to the titanium atom.

Thus, the molecular formula of Titanium Isopropoxide suggests that it has four alkoxide groups covalently bonded with central titanium.

Uses of Titanium Isopropoxide

Titanium Isopropoxide has a wide range of applications in the laboratory and in organic synthesis. Its applications are mentioned below:

Manufacture of Other Substances

Titanium Isopropoxide is used as a precursor for producing other titanium compounds such as titanium dioxide, titanium nitride, and titanium carbide. These compounds are essential for many industrial applications, ranging from paints and coatings to electronics and aerospace.

Organic Synthesis

Among its various applications, Titanium Isopropoxide is most commonly used in organic synthesis. It is widely used as a catalyst in facilitating many chemical reactions and is a crucial component of several industrial processes.

Titanium Isopropoxide can be used for selective reductions performed under mild conditions. It can also be used in the synthesis of heterocyclic compounds, such as pyridine derivatives, tetrahydrocarbazoles, and quinolines.

Moreover, it helps in the preparation of TiO2 nanopowders, which have unique physical and chemical properties that are useful for many industrial applications.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Titanium Isopropoxide is a highly useful compound with a wide range of applications. Its unique chemical structure and properties make it an important component in the manufacturing of different substances and in organic synthesis.

Understanding the physical appearance, synonyms, chemical formula, and uses of Titanium Isopropoxide can help recognize and appreciate its role in chemistry and industry.

Structure and Reactive Properties

Titanium Isopropoxide has a diamagnetic tetrahedral molecule structure, with the titanium atom at the center surrounded by the four isopropoxide groups. The tetrahedral molecular structure helps in understanding its reactivity with other substances.

When Titanium Isopropoxide comes into contact with air or water, it undergoes a reduction reaction, leading to the formation of titanium oxide and hydrogen gas. Hence, it is a reducing agent and should be handled with care.

Additionally, it is air-and-water-reactive, which means that it should be stored in a dry and air-tight container to prevent water or moisture from coming into contact with it. Titanium Isopropoxide is also flammable and should be kept away from ignition sources.

In addition to its reactive properties, it is highly soluble in organic solvents, such as ethanol and methanol. On heating, Titanium Isopropoxide first melts at around 19C and then boils at around 327C.

Properties

Physical and Chemical Properties

Titanium Isopropoxide has a molecular weight of 284.28 g/mol, and its density is 0.958 g/mL at 25C. In its pure form, it is a colorless to light yellow liquid with a pungent odor.

Its molecular structure has already been discussed above. In terms of chemical properties, Titanium Isopropoxide is highly sensitive to moisture, resulting in the formation of titanium oxide, as discussed above.

Additionally, it decomposes on heating and reacts with water, alcohol, and acids. It is also highly soluble in organic solvents, such as ethanol and methanol.

However, it should not be mixed with strong oxidizing agents, as it can lead to explosive reactions.

MSDS for Titanium Isopropoxide

The Material

Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for Titanium Isopropoxide provides detailed information about the chemical, physical, and safety properties of the compound. It also includes information on how to handle and store the chemical safely.

The

MSDS for Titanium Isopropoxide states that the compound should be stored in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from incompatible substances. Additionally, it should be kept away from sources of ignition, such as flames or sparks, as it is a flammable substance.

Handling of Titanium Isopropoxide should be carried out using protective equipment, such as gloves, goggles, and a lab coat. Skin or eye contact with the chemical should be avoided, and adequate ventilation should be provided when working with it.

In summary, the properties of Titanium Isopropoxide make it a highly reactive compound that is used in various applications, including organic synthesis and the manufacturing of other titanium compounds. Understanding the physical and chemical properties of the compound is paramount to ensure safe handling, storage, and use of the chemical.

Safety

Titanium Isopropoxide is a highly reactive chemical that requires careful handling and storage. The following are some safety precautions that users must take into consideration when working with this compound:

Inhalation and Irritation

Inhalation of Titanium Isopropoxide vapor can lead to respiratory irritation, dizziness, and suffocation. Therefore, it is important to work with this chemical in a well-ventilated area.

If inhaled, move the affected person to fresh air and seek medical attention immediately.

Skin Burn and Eye Irritation

Titanium Isopropoxide is a strong irritant to the skin, eyes, and other mucous membranes. Exposure to this chemical can cause severe skin burns and eye irritation.

Therefore, it is crucial to wear safety goggles and gloves while handling the chemical. If contacted with skin, wash the affected areas thoroughly with soap and water, and remove any contaminated clothing.

If the chemical gets into the eyes, flush them with running water for at least 15 minutes while removing any contact lenses, and seek medical attention immediately. Fire Hazard and

Safety Precautions

Titanium Isopropoxide is a flammable liquid that can easily ignite if exposed to ignition sources such as flames, sparks, or heated surfaces.

Additionally, it can form explosive mixtures when mixed with air, leading to flashbacks. The following safety precautions must be observed while handling this compound:

1.

Store Titanium Isopropoxide in a cool, dry, and well-ventilated area, away from sources of ignition. 2.

Use water spray, foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide to extinguish fires involving titanium isopropoxide. 3.

Use flash arresters when transferring the chemical from one container to another. 4.

In case of spills or leaks, contain the area and avoid the spread of the chemical. 5.

Avoid entering confined spaces where the chemical has been spilled, as it might create hazardous conditions.

First Aid

If someone is exposed

to Titanium Isopropoxide, the following first aid should be administered:

Toxic Gases and Dizziness

If the affected person is exposed to toxic gases or feels dizzy, move the person to a well-ventilated area immediately. If the person has stopped breathing, apply artificial respiration or oxygen if available.

Skin Flush and Eye Flush

If the chemical comes into contact with the skin, flush the area with plenty of running water for at least 15 minutes while removing any contaminated clothing. Seek medical attention immediately.

If the chemical comes into contact with the eyes, flush them with running water for at least 15 minutes while removing any contact lenses. Seek medical attention immediately.

Contaminated Clothes

Remove contaminated clothing and discard appropriately.

Doctor

Seek medical attention immediately for any exposure

to Titanium Isopropoxide. Make sure to carry the MSDS for the chemical to the healthcare provider to ensure proper treatment.

In conclusion, Titanium Isopropoxide is a chemical that demands utmost caution and care when handling, storage, and use. It is essential to understand the safety precautions and first aid in case of exposure.

Special attention must be given to the inhalation of its vapors, skin burn, eye irritation, and fire hazard. By taking necessary safety measures and administering appropriate first aid, one can avoid any hazards associated with the use of Titanium Isopropoxide.

Titanium Isopropoxide is a highly reactive and versatile chemical compound that plays an essential role in manufacturing various substances, organic synthesis, and catalyst for chemical reactions. It has a diamagnetic tetrahedral molecule structure, is highly sensitive to moisture, and could decompose when it comes in contact with water, alcohol, or acids.

Understanding its properties, safety precautions, and first aid measures is of utmost importance for its safe handling, storage, and use. When working with Titanium Isopropoxide, ensure to wear protective gear, work in well-ventilated areas, and avoid ignition sources.

Any contact with skin, eyes, or inhalation of its vapors requires necessary first aid, including skin flush, eye flush, and medical attention. Always consult the MSDS for guidelines on the appropriate storage, handling, and use of this chemical, and seek professional advice when necessary.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs):

1. What is the chemical formula of Titanium Isopropoxide?

The chemical formula for Titanium Isopropoxide is C12H28O4Ti.

2. What are the synonyms of Titanium Isopropoxide?

Titanium Isopropoxide is also known as Tetraisopropyl Orthotitanate, Isopropyl Orthotitanate, and Tetraisopropoxytitanium. 3.

What are the safety precautions needed when handling Titanium Isopropoxide? Wear safety goggles, gloves, and work in a well-ventilated area, avoid ignition sources, and avoid exposure to the skin, eyes, or inhalation of its vapors.

4. What kind of first aid measures should be administered in case of exposure

to Titanium Isopropoxide?

Move the person to a well-ventilated area, skin flush with running water for at least 15 minutes, eye flush with running water for at least 15 minutes while removing contact lenses, and seek medical attention immediately. 5.

What should be done in case of fire hazards involving Titanium Isopropoxide? Use water spray, foam, dry chemical, or carbon dioxide to extinguish fires involving titanium isopropoxide, and use flash arresters when transferring the chemical from one container to another.

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