Chem Explorers

Unveiling the Versatility of Barium Iodide: Properties Production and Applications

Barium iodide is an inorganic compound made of barium and iodine. Its chemical formula is BaI2, and its CAS number is 13718-50-8.

Barium iodide has many industrial uses, from medical to manufacturing. In this article, we will explore this compound’s identification, properties, production, and applications.

Chemical Structure

Barium iodide is closely related to lead (II) chloride in terms of its chemical structure. The similarities between these compounds help us to understand the properties and potential uses of barium iodide.

Lead (II) chloride is an ionic compound, with lead(II) ions that have a positive charge and chlorine ions that have a negative charge. Similarly, barium iodide has barium ions (Ba2+) and iodide ions (I-), which create a stable ionic bond.

Barium Iodide Identification

CAS Number

Barium iodide’s CAS number, or Chemical Abstracts Service number, is 13718-50-8. Most chemical substances have a unique CAS number that identifies them, helping scientists to track their use and study their properties.

Additionally, Barium iodide can be paired with another CAS number, which is [7787-33-9].

Formula

Barium iodide has three different formulas depending on how it is aligned. When it’s in its anhydrous form, it takes the form of BaI2.

In its dihydrate form, its formula is BaI22H2O, and in its tetrahydrate form, the formula is BaI24H2O.

Properties

Barium iodide is a white solid at room temperature that exists in different forms. It is hygroscopic, which means it can absorb water from the air.

This property contributes to its application in manufacturing, where it’s needed in specific percentages to produce the desired quality of the final product. Barium iodide is also soluble in hot water but insoluble in cold water.

Barium iodide’s melting point is 640C, and its boiling point is 1,184C. The compound’s high temperature properties allow it to function well as a high-temperature lubricant and the manufacture of lubricants, high-temperature bearings, and high-temperature reactions.

Production

Barium iodide can be produced through various methods. One common method is a reaction between barium carbonate and hydroiodic acid.

Barium carbonate has the chemical formula BaCO3, while hydroiodic acid is HI. When mixed, water and barium iodide are produced.

BaCO3 + 2 HI BaI2 + CO2 + H2O

Another production method is the reaction between barium hydroxide and hydroiodic acid. Barium hydroxide has the chemical formula Ba(OH)2, while hydroiodic acid is HI.

With this, water and Barium iodide are produced.

Ba(OH)2 + 2 HI BaI2 + 2 H2O

Applications

Barium iodide has numerous applications across different industries. The following are some of the major applications of barium iodide.

Medical

Barium iodide has applications in medical fields such as radiology and imaging. Computed tomography (CT) scans and X-rays use barium iodide to enhance the visibility of internal organs.

Barium iodide acts as an agent that absorbs X-ray radiation well, which helps to reduce exposure to radiation ionization. In CT scans, radiologists may use barium iodide to distinguish blood vessels.

Manufacturing

Barium iodide has applications in the manufacturing industry. The compound is used in the production of high-temperature bearings and high-temperature lubricants.

Additionally, Barium iodide can be used as a catalyst for the production of other compounds, such as acrylic acids and derivatives.

Electronics

Barium iodide has use in a wide variety of electronics, as it can improve the conductivity of conductive pastes. It is usually implemented in the manufacturing of semiconductors where it needs to perform at high temperatures.

Conclusion

Barium iodide is an important compound with a wide range of applications in medical, manufacturing, and electronics industries. Its chemical structure, properties, and production process make this compound essential in many applications.

It is clear that barium iodide will continue to serve as an essential component in manufacturing various products due to its numerous benefits, including its high-temperature tolerance and hygroscopicity. Barium iodide is a versatile chemical compound used in multiple applications.

It is a white crystalline powder that can exist in anhydrous or dihydrate form. In this article, we will explore the properties of barium iodide in detail.

Anhydrous Form

Appearance:

The anhydrous form of barium iodide appears as a white or off-white crystalline powder. It is odorless and non-volatile, making it easy to handle.

Solubility:

Barium iodide is moderately soluble in cold water, which increases slightly with added heat. It is also soluble in ethanol and acetone.

Molar Mass:

The molar mass of anhydrous barium iodide is 391.136 g/mol. Density:

The density of anhydrous barium iodide is 5.15 g /cm3.

Melting Point:

The melting point of anhydrous barium iodide is 711C, which is relatively high compared to other inorganic compounds. This high melting point makes it an ideal candidate for high-temperature applications.

Dihydrate Form

Appearance:

Dihydrate barium iodide has a dissolved form colorless crystal.

Solubility:

Dihydrate barium iodide is also moderately soluble in cold water, similarly like anhydrous barium iodide.

It is also soluble in ethanol and acetone. Molar Mass:

The molar mass of dihydrate barium iodide is 427.167 g/mol, making it slightly more massive than anhydrous barium iodide.

Density:

Dihydrate barium iodide has a density of 5.0 g /cm3. Melting Point:

The melting point of dihydrate barium iodide is 740C, which makes it suitable for applications that require relatively high melting points.

Preparation Method

One common method of preparing barium iodide entails reacting barium hydroxide with hydroiodic acid. Alternatively, ammonium carbonate and barium iodide can be mixed, and the two compounds will react, producing Barium carbonate.

Hydrogen periodate reagent can also be used in the preparation of barium iodide. When mixing barium hydroxide with hydroiodic acid, the following reactions occur:

Ba(OH)2 + 2 HI BaI2 + 2 H2O

When ammonium carbonate and barium iodide are combined, the following reactions occur:

(NH4)2 CO3 + BaI2 BaCO3 + 2 NH4I

The use of hydrogen periodate in barium iodide synthesis is a bit uncommon.

In this method, hydrogen peroxide and barium iodide are mixed, and upon reacting, hydrogen periodate is released. Barium hydroxide is also added to the mixture to form the final product.

Properties and

Applications

Barium iodide is a compound with vast industrial applications. Its high-temperature properties, crystal structure, and hygroscopic nature make it useful in numerous manufacturing processes.

The applications of barium iodide include:

Medical:

Barium iodide is used in imaging tests, where it helps to improve the visibility of internal organs on images. Various medical fields such as radiology and imaging use barium iodide, including CT scans, X-rays, and other medical imaging methods.

Manufacturing:

Barium iodide has a wide range of applications in manufacturing. It is used to manufacture high-temperature bearings, high-temperature lubricants, and catalysts for producing various compounds such as acrylic acids.

Manufacturers may also use Barium iodide as a precursor for barium and iodide compounds.

Electronics:

Barium iodide can improve the conductivity of conductive pastes that are used in manufacturing electronic components like semiconductors. Photography:

Barium iodide has been useful in photography in the past.

It was used as a reagent to develop photographic plates.

Conclusion

Barium iodide is a useful compound with multiple applications in industrial and medical fields. Its unique properties, such as crystal structure, hygroscopic nature, and high-temperature tolerance, make it suitable for a variety of applications.

The preparation of barium iodide is easy and can be done using available laboratory apparatus and reagents. Furthermore, barium iodide is relatively safe to handle and use if standard safety protocols are followed.

Thus, barium iodide is an essential component in the manufacturing of numerous goods and can have a significant impact on human life. Barium iodide is a compound with many industrial applications.

In this article, we will explore two different topics related to this compound: its uses and its Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).

Uses

One of the primary uses of barium iodide is in the preparation of other iodides. Barium iodide can be used as a precursor for the synthesis of other iodides such as sodium iodide, cesium iodide, and lithium iodide.

These compounds have numerous applications in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and nuclear industries. Barium iodide is also an excellent radiation absorber, making it useful in X-ray and radiation applications.

Its application in medical fields is also significant. It is used in imaging tests, where it helps to improve the visibility of internal organs on images.

Various medical fields such as radiology and imaging use barium iodide, including CT scans, X-rays, and other medical imaging methods. Moreover, barium iodide has applications in the manufacturing of high-temperature lubricants, high-temperature bearings, and catalysts for producing various compounds such as acrylic acids and derivatives.

It is used widely in the production of semiconductors and various electronics as well.

Preparation of other Iodides

Barium iodide is used in the preparation of other iodides. This is because of its solubility in water, which allows it to easily react with other chemicals.

To prepare other iodides like lithium iodide, a mixture of barium iodide and lithium sulfate can be heated with more sulfuric acid within a chemical apparatus like a round-bottom flask or porcelain crucible. The transition from Barium sulfate to lithium sulfate with barium sulfate often precipitated out of solution.

Barium Iodide MSDS

Barium iodide, like most chemical compounds, poses some safety concerns that must be adhered to responsibly. Material Safety Data Sheets are typically available they contain important information regarding the compound safety and handling procedures.

MSDS is issued per the guidelines set by regulatory bodies such as OSHA. Below are the guidelines for handling barium iodide according to its MSDS.

Toxicology:

Barium iodide is classified as a hazardous substance with an associated toxicity level. However, its toxicity is relatively low compared to other compounds like lead, mercury, and other halogen compounds.

Ingestion, skin, eye contact and inhalation are the primary routes of exposure causing irritation and inflammation of the tissue. First Aid Measures:

If contact with eyes happens, flush with water for fifteen minutes while keeping the eyes open.

Seek medical help in severe cases. If someone inhales the compound, move the affected person into an open space with fresh air and provide oxygen if the person is unable to the breath.

If contact happens with the skin, flush the affected skin area with water for at least fifteen minutes and remove contaminated clothes. Ingestion is best to avoid, but if it does happen, drinking water should be taken immediately and contact with the poison control center should pursue.

Personal Safety Measures:

When handling barium iodide, safety should be a priority. Wearing the PPE specified in the MSDS sheet could provide protection from skin and eye irritation.

A respirator is likewise recommended for inhalation and skin irritation. As an OSHA approved substance, proper protective clothing, gloves, and safety goggles, should be worn when handling barium iodide.

Storage Instructions:

Barium iodide should store in a dry, well-ventilated area to prevent moisture retention. It should be kept in tightly sealed containers to avoid contamination and prevent moisture absorption.

Fire Fighting Measures:

Barium iodide is a non-flammable substance and poses no serious hazard associated with the risk of fire. In special circumstances, though, water or powder firefighting methods can be used in containing and putting off a fire.

Conclusion:

Barium iodide has many applications that contribute to its importance in industrial and medical fields. However, while relatively safe, proper handling and safety procedures are of utmost importance.

The Material Safety Data Sheet provides a detailed guideline needed to safely handle and store the compound. Adhering to the guidelines outlined in the MSDS can help ensure the safety of users and prevent physical injuries or harm to the environment.

Barium iodide is a compound that finds applications in various fields due to its versatility and unique properties. In this article, we have explored the identification, properties, production, uses, and safety considerations associated with barium iodide.

In this continuation, we will delve into two additional aspects: the availability of barium iodide from supply companies worldwide and its online availability.

Supply Companies

Barium iodide is widely available from supply companies around the world. These companies specialize in providing a wide range of chemicals and compounds to industries, laboratories, and educational institutions.

Some notable supply companies that offer barium iodide include Sigma-Aldrich, Fisher Scientific, and Alfa Aesar. These companies have a global presence and are known for their high-quality products and reliable services.

Supply companies play a crucial role in ensuring the availability of barium iodide to those who require it for their specific applications. They maintain stocks of barium iodide to meet the demands of various industries, research institutions, and medical facilities.

These companies often have established supply chains and experienced personnel who understand the nuances of chemical distribution.

Online Availability

In addition to sourcing barium iodide from physical supply companies, it is also possible to find it online. E-commerce platforms have become increasingly popular for purchasing chemicals and compounds, including barium iodide.

Online availability offers convenience and accessibility to potential buyers, especially for those located in remote areas or overseas. Numerous online platforms specialize in the sale of chemicals, including barium iodide.

These platforms provide detailed product descriptions, specifications, and pricing information to facilitate informed purchasing decisions. Furthermore, online platforms often have customer reviews and ratings that can help buyers assess the reliability and quality of the product.

When purchasing barium iodide online, it is essential to ensure that the seller follows safety protocols and regulations. The compounds must be properly packaged and labeled to maintain safety during transportation.

Buyers should also check for any certifications or quality control measures implemented by the sellers to ensure that they are receiving a reliable and high-quality product.

Conclusion

In conclusion, barium iodide is an important compound with a wide range of applications in various fields. Its availability from supply companies worldwide and online platforms makes it easily accessible to industries, research institutions, and individuals involved in scientific endeavors.

The versatility of barium iodide in different applications, coupled with its unique properties, contributes to its importance in various fields. Suppliers play a crucial role in ensuring the availability of barium iodide by maintaining stocks and efficient supply chains.

Online platforms provide an additional avenue for sourcing barium iodide, offering convenience and accessibility to potential buyers. However, it is essential for buyers to ensure the compliance of sellers with safety protocols and regulations when purchasing barium iodide online.

The use of barium iodide in medical imaging, manufacturing, electronics, and other fields demonstrates its significance and potential impact. Its unique properties, such as high-temperature tolerance, radiation absorption, and solubility, contribute to its usefulness in various applications.

As research and technological advancements continue, the importance of barium iodide is likely to persist, and its potential for further applications may be realized. Barium iodide is an important and versatile compound with various applications in industries such as medical, manufacturing, and electronics.

Its availability from supply companies worldwide and online platforms ensures easy access for users. The compound’s unique properties, such as high-temperature tolerance and radiation absorption, make it indispensable in different fields.

Takeaways from this article include understanding barium iodide’s identification, properties, production methods, applications, and safety considerations. Barium iodide plays a vital role in medical imaging, manufacturing processes, and electronics, and its potential for further applications suggests its continued importance in the future.

FAQs:

1. What is barium iodide used for?

Barium iodide is used in medical imaging, manufacturing high-temperature lubricants and bearings, electronics, and as a precursor for other iodides. 2.

How is barium iodide prepared?

Barium iodide is prepared by reacting barium hydroxide or barium carbonate with hydroiodic acid or by using hydrogen periodate reagent.

3. Is barium iodide safe to handle?

While barium iodide has low toxicity, it poses some risks if mishandled or improperly used. Following safety guidelines, using personal protective equipment, and proper storage are important for safe handling.

4. Where can I buy barium iodide?

Barium iodide is available from supply companies worldwide, such as Sigma-Aldrich and Fisher Scientific, as well as online platforms that specialize in chemical sales. 5.

What are the main applications of barium iodide?

Barium iodide is used in medical imaging, manufacturing high-temperature lubricants and bearings, electronics, as well as in the preparation of other iodides.

6. What are the physical properties of barium iodide?

Barium iodide can exist in anhydrous or dihydrate form. The anhydrous form appears as a white or off-white crystalline powder, while the dihydrate form is colorless crystal.

Both forms have specific solubilities, densities, and melting points.

Popular Posts